Local information

Climate and air quality

Paphos enjoys a subtropical semi-arid climate with the greatest amounts of precipitation mainly occurring from mid-November to March. It almost never rains in the summer (0.1mm on average). Cyprus has experienced drought-like conditions and the current trend of global warming may increase the severity of these conditions. In May, the mean daily maximum is of 19.5°C with a mean daily minimum of 14.5°C and mean rainfall of 5.3 mm.

  • The weather forecast can be found here
  • Air quality in Cyprus can be found here

Landscape and vegetation

Cyprus has a rich and diverse flora. Due to the geographical position, there are many species of trees, shrubs and flowers. The Mediterranean climate includes mainly three kind of vegetation:

The Mediterranean pine forests, composed of Pinus halepensis and Pinus pinaster, with endemic species of Mediterranean pine represented in Cyprus by the Calabrian pine (Pinus brutia). There are also deciduous forests in wetter areas. Black pine (Pinus nigra), Oriental plane (Platanion orientalis) and Olive and carob tree forests are also well represented.

Garrigue is a type of low, soft-leaved scrubland ecoregion and plant community in the Mediterranean forests and scrub biome where Quercus coccifera or Quercus ilex are widely distributed. Garrigue is associated with calcareous plateaus (limestone and base rich) and calcium associated plants. UNEP World Conservation Monitoring Centre described garrigue as "discontinuous bushy associations of the Mediterranean calcareous plateaus, often composed of Quercus ilex, lavender, thyme, and white cistus. There may be a few isolated trees." Garrigue habitats can be seen in several areas of the island; however, a typical area is Akamas Peninsula.

Maquis is broadly similar to garrigue, but the vegetation is denser, being composed of numerous closely spaced shrubs. Maquis is associated with siliceous (acid) soils. The plant communities are associated with Quercus suber, Arbutus unedo and Pistacia lentiscus L.

There are approximately 130 endemic plant species of Cyprus of which 39 can be found at Akamas peninsula. Endemic wild flowers of Cyprus include Crocus hartmannianus, Carlina pygmaea, Centaurea akamantis and Tulipa cypria. The Cyprus Post has issued a series of stamps with these plants. Endangered plants of Cyprus include: Akamas Centaury (Centaurea akamanthis), Casey’s Larkspur (Delphinium caseyi), Cyprus Cedar (Cedrus brevifolia), Erysimum kykkoticum, Morris Squill (Scilla morrisii), Sage (Salvia veneris) and Troodos Rockcress (Arabis kennedyae).

Public transport

Public transport in Paphos is currently served only by buses. The bus company operating in the city is OSYPA LTD.

  • To plan your trip by bus, click here
  • The bus network map in Paphos can be found and downloaded here
  • There are also intercity buses for which info can be found here
  • Furthermore, there are some other bus service companies that pass through Pafos and offer transport among airport and cities. For information click here

Emergency telephone numbers

The most important institutions have three-digit telephone numbers that you can reach even without a SIM card inserted in your mobile phone. The service is free.

The Cyprus’s country code: +357

  • Emergency 199 / 112
  • Ambulance service phone 199 / 112
  • Police 199 / 112
  • Fire Service 199 / 112

Currency

Legal tender – Euro (€)

  • Coins: 1, 2, 5, 10, 20, 50 cts
  • Banknotes: 10, 20, 50 and exceptionally 100, 200 and 500
There is a dense network of Automated Teller Machines in Paphos that accept all common types of international payment cards. It is also possible to pay with credit cards in the majority of (if not all) shops, restaurants and accommodation facilities.

Electrical voltage

The electrical network in Cyprus has the voltage of 220V. The common power plugs and sockets are of type G (three rectangular pins in a triangular pattern).

Smoking

Smoking is strictly prohibited in public spaces (restaurants, bars, airport, means of public transport, cultural facilities, health care facilities). However, there are many shops which have separate spaces for smokers and non-smokers.

Health care

Providers of health care in the EU accept patients with European health insurance cards. It is recommended that non-EU citizens purchase commercial health insurance in their home country before arriving in Cyprus. In case of acute illness or injury, the patient will be provided treatment in any hospital or emergency facility. The public hospital of Paphos (Paphos General Hospital) is approximately 6.5 Km from the conference

  • Pharmacies in Paphos - 7 days a week, 24 hours a day: +357 90 901 416

Cuisine

Cyprus is a multinational/multicultural country with one of the most diverse cuisines in the world. Owing to its long history, the gastronomy in Cyprus is closely related to Greek and Turkish ones, however, with further influence from other countries/cultures including French, Italian, Catalan and Middle Eastern.

Not a single dish can be selected as the most representative. Some dishes which have been widely discussed on the internet are:

Kleftiko : lamb dish baked in a kiln and cooked for nearly one day in a clay oven while be marinated in a mixture of lemon juice, and cinnamon.

Souvla (like Russian shashlik) : The difference with shashlik is that before cooking souvla nothing is done (not marinated) with the meat (chicken, lamb or pork). The meat is just cut into big portions, salt and roast on the open fire for an hour and a half). The spitter is rotated over the charcoal using automated mechanism.

Kreas me kolokassi : meat (usually pork or chicken) with small pieces of taro, a root tuber from Colocasia family, that Cypriots have been eating for centuries. Its taste reminds potato. Taro is commonly prepared by baking with vegetables, meat and some red wine.

Moussakas : eggplant-based dish with lamb, mushrooms or potatoes under the bechamel sauce.

Sheftalia : small patties wrapped in a caul fat and commonly grilled or coal roasted.

Meze (equivalent to tapas) : A meze platter, in addition to the main meat (souvlaki, sheftalia, kleftiko or any type), can include Mediterranean specialties like Tzatziki (a yogurt dip made with garlic, cucumber, and olive oil); Tahini (a paste of crushed sesame seeds, olive oil, lemon, and garlic), Taramosalata (a type of fish roe mixed with pureed potatoes, olive oil, lemon juice and onions), Hummus (a traditional pureed chickpea and tahini dip), and Haloumi, which is grilled and spiced soft goat or sheep’s cheese.

Stifado : stew made with rabbit (occasionally beef). It is simmered in wine, vinegar, onions, and spices such as oregano and garlic.

  • For some further reading, click here

10 things to do...

Short history of Paphos

Paphos (Greek: Πάφος; Turkish: Baf) is divided into two parts - Palepaphos (Old Paphos) and the Kato Paphos (New Paphos).

Paphos has been populated since the pre-historic times and is one of the oldest cities in the world. This mystical city has religious importance as the Greek goddess of beauty and love, Aphrodite, was born there, and the city bears many landmarks, relics and monuments to worship her. This historic city has still retained its old-world charm, and has been declared as a world heritage site by UNESCO for its spectacular ancient remains.

Paphos is famous for its churches, monasteries, art galleries and museums. Paphos can be called as the cultural seat of the Europe, and various events and local festivals take place throughout the year. Paphos was once ruled by powerful empires like the Romans and the Myceneans, the relics of which can be distinctly traced in the Cypriot Culture.

Come and explore true Cypriot hospitality, where the past seamlessly merges into the present.

To discover Paphos and surroundings:

Dedicated websites list all the information on activities, holidays, trips, accommodation, events... www.paphos.com and www.visitcyprus.com.

Ten things to do…

Take a tour and visit places like the Aphrodite's Rock, Paphos Archaeological Park, Akamas Peninsula. There are many things to do all over Cyprus and we here suggest only ten of them.

1. Paphos Archaeological Park

Paphos Archaeological Park covers most of the important ancient Greek and Roman City and is a UNESCO World Heritage site for its outstanding ancient remains. The most significant remains so far discovered are four large and elaborate Roman villas: the House of Dionysos, the House of Orpheus, the House of Aion and the House of Theseus, all with superb preserved mosaic floors, especially an Orpheus mosaic. In addition, excavations have uncovered an Agora, Asklepion, the Basilica of Panagia Limeniotissa, an Odeon, a Theatre and a necropolis known as the “Tombs of the Kings”.

Archaeological site of Agios Georgios at the Pafos
House of Theseus Paphos
Mosaics in the House of Dionysus

2. Akamas Forest Nature Trail - Aphrodite Hills

The gorgeous Akamas peninsula, on the north western tip of the island has a unique but fragile beauty. Unique, as it is the last coastal region on the island of Cyprus to remain largely untouched by mass tourism and development.

The Akamas National Park lies on the west coast of Cyprus, a truly pictorial part of the island. It has area coverage of 230 km² containing valleys, gorges and wide sandy bays. The wildlife diversity is crucial for the ecology in the Mediterranean. In this spectacular environment there are 168 varieties of birds, 20 different reptiles, 16 species of butterfly and 12 different mammals not to mention its very rich variety of fauna. The European Council has included it in its Mediterranean Protection Programme.

Of special interest on this trail are the Loutra tis Afroditis (Baths of Aphrodite), where, according to legend, the Goddess of Love and Beauty used to take her baths. You will also pass by the ruins of Pyrgos tis Rigainas (Queen’s Tower), which are believed to belong to a Medieval monastery. Also noteworthy is a 500¬ year¬ old oak tree, which is located near the ruins of the tower. Along the trail you can enjoy excellent views of Cape Arnaoutis, Polis Chrysochous and Paphos Forest.

By hiking you can observe endemic plants such as Cyprus Golden (Onosma fruticosa) and Cyprus sage (Phlomis cypria var. occidentalis). The main species of fauna found in the area are: fox, hare, hedgehog, wood pigeon, partridge, Cyprus warbler (endemic), Cyprus wheatear (endemic), Cyprus viper, Cyprus lizard, Black whip Snake. The forest serves as a resting point for many migratory birds.

Akama Bay
Akama nature.jpg

3. Petra tou Romiou - Aphrodite's Rock

Petra tou Romiou, also known as Aphrodite's Rock, is a sea stack in Paphos. It is located off the shore along the main road from Paphos to Limassol. The combination of the beauty of the area and its status in mythology as the birthplace of Aphrodite makes it a popular tourist location. It is not permitted to climb the rock.

Aphrodite rock

4. Beaches

Cyprus is very popular for its beaches. For example, three beaches in Ayia Napa and Protaras ranked among Europe’s top 25, one ranked 13th in the world, according to Trip Advisor 2019 Traveler Choices.

Below we recommend some popular beaches fairly easy accessible from the conference venue.

i) Coral Bay is a popular place for its beach and one of the main areas for diving activities. This entertainment district locates at Peyia (see below) and is only 1.4 km from Coral Bay Beach and 2.5 km from Maa-Paliokastro Archaeological Site and Paphos Zoo.

Coral Bay
Coral Bay beach

ii) Akamas peninsula is popular for its beach. Blue Lagoon is a shielded bay with water usually warmer than the rest of the area. The untouched nature and crystal clear sea make it an attraction place for locals and tourists. Diving activities are popular at blue lagoon.

Akamas blue lagoon
Akamas blue lagoon

iii) Alternatively, there are easily accessible beaches from the center of the city of Paphos. In particular, Vrysoudia is a popular beach located in the heart of the tourist area of Kato Paphos and can be easily accessed from the conference venue on foot. Along the Poseidonos Avenue, the 300-m long beach of Vrysoudia, is one of the main organised beaches of the area. The sands are deep, golden and the clean seawaters here are calm and shallow, making it a popular choice for all, including families with children. The beach is a great starting point to explore some of the area’s most famous attractions, including the Medieval castle and its picturesque harbour.

Vrysoudia beach
Vrysoudia beach

5. Sea Caves in Peyia

At the sea frond of Peyia village in Paphos, the sea caves are creating a remarkable view. This is a unique place of geological and biological interest. The stretch of coastline is amazing and you can either walk the length of it or swim and explore the caves. These natural caves are the homes of the protected Mediterranean monk seal Monachus-Monachus. Monachus-Monachus are visiting Cyprus every year to give birth of their babies.

Sea Caves in Peyia

6. Ayios Neophytos Monastery

Located more or less 10 km north of Paphos center, near the village of Tala, the monastery of Ayios Neophytos was founded by the Cypriot recluse and writer Neophytos in the second half of the 12th century. The hermit carved a cave out of the mountains, called the ‘Enkleistra’ that is covered with Byzantine frescoes that date to 12th-15th centuries.

Ayios Neophytos Monastery

7. Lefkara

Pano Lefkara village is a very unique place in the world. It is famous for its lace (called lefkaritika) and silver handicrafts. The Japanese Association of Travel Agents (JATA) listed it among "the 30 most beautiful towns in Europe" for promotion to holidaymakers. There is a legend saying that Leonardo da Vinci visited the village in 1481, and purchased a lace cloth for the main altar of the Duomo di Milano.

For more information :

Lefkara
Lefkara

8. Polis Chrysochous (Latchi)

Located on the northwest part of Cyprus, Polis Region is an area full of green, natural beauties, excellent sea and beaches. It is a more or less 35-minute drive from Paphos center. Modern Polis is built on the ruins of two ancient cities, Marion and Arsinoe, dating back almost 3000 years. According to mythology, Aphrodite, the Goddes of beauty and love used to meet her lover, Adonis in this area. Baths of Aphrodite (Loutra tis Afroditis) are located next to the town of Polis and is a very popular place to visit, among locals and visitors alike. The small harbour of Latchi is located about three kilometers from Polis. This area is popular among locals for its restaurant. It is among the most popular places to taste fresh local fish. The organized municipal beach (just next to the harbor) is the only disabled-friendly beach, with a purposed built ramp which helps persons with mobility problems to enter easily and safely into the sea. Akamas peninsula that is described above is just next to Polis and thus a trip can combine both destinations.

Bath of Aphrodite
Latchi harbour
Municipal beach

9. Troodos villages

For nature lovers, Troodos Massif is a mountain full of small villages with stone-cut houses and cobblestone alleys. Many churches and monasteries exist in this area. None of the Troodos churches are protected by the UNESCO World Heritage. Church of Archangelos Michail may be the most suitable for visit if the time is limited to only one church visit. This church can be found at Pedoulas village. Kakopetria is a popular summer destination among Cyprus citizens. There are several hotels available in this area. This is a very peaceful area for relaxing and healing. The best way to enjoy what this area can offer is by hiring a car.

For more information :

Troodos
Troodos
Troodos
Troodos

10. Kyrenia (Girne in Turkish)

Greek and Turkish Cypriots division occurred in 1974 when Turkey invaded the north after a military coup in Cyprus that was backed by the Athens government. Since then, the island is separated into two parts, the Republic of Cyprus (South), which is an EU state, and the Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus (North), a de facto state recognized only by Turkey. Cyprus border opened for the first time in 30 years in 2003, and since then Greek and Turkish Cypriots can cross the UN Green Line. The latest new border crossings opened in November 2018 and dozens crossed the borders after guards removed barbed wire fences. Participants may have a unique opportunity to experience the both parts of the island by crossing the borders.

Kyrenia, a city on the northern coast of Cyprus, is a popular place among Cypriots, noted for its historic harbour and castle. It is traditionally accepted that the city was founded by Achaeans from the Peloponnese after the Trojan War, although there is evidence that it has been populated earlier.
For more information, click here

Kyrenia Harbour
Kyrenia Castle

For the lovers of exploration, we recommend to read about Varosha (Maraş or Kapalı Maraş in Turkish). Varosha is an abandoned “ghost” southern quarter of Famagusta, the ghost town at the heart of Cyprus. It is located at the North part of Cyprus and remains uninhabited since the 1974 war.
For the ghost town “Varosha”, click here

Ghost town of Varosha

General information

Visa

Do I need a visa when travelling to Cyprus?

A visa is required by some nationals for the duration of intended stay in the Republic of Cyprus for different reasons such as tourism, business, education, employment or residence. Transit passengers also require visa for their stop in Cyprus.

Cyprus visa is required for all nationals except the nationals from the following countries:

  • (1) Nationals of Britain, Australia, Canada, USA, Other EU, Japan for a stay of up to 90 days.
  • (2) Nationals of Andorra, Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Brunei, Bulgaria, Chile, Costa Rica, Croatia, Czech Republic, Ecuador, El Salvador, Estonia, Guatemala, Honduras, Hungary, Iceland, Israel, Latvia, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Malaysia, Malta, Mexico, Monaco, New Zealand, Nicaragua, Norway, Panama, Paraguay, Poland, Korea (Rep), Romania, San Marino, Singapore, Slovakia, Slovenia, Switzerland, Uruguay, Vatican City, Venezuela, and Special Administrative Regions of the Peoples’ Republic of China: Hong Kong and Macao for a stay of up to 90 days.
  • (3) Transit passengers continuing their onward journey by the same or first connecting aircraft within 24 hours must hold valid onward or return documentation and not leaving the airport.

Safety

Republic of Cyprus is relatively safe. "In a 2015 global survey based on data on population, CO2 emissions, police personnel, traffic deaths, thefts, assaults and life expectancy the island state ranked as the 5th safest country in the world".

  • For more information, see here

Language

The official language is Greek. The majority of inhabitants have a basic or possibly higher level of fluency in English. Republic of Cyprus is diverse in demographics, with foreign nationals be more than 20% of the total populations (the 2nd biggest foreign population in terms of percentage across EU). Furthermore, Cyprus is a tourist destination with nearly four million tourists per year. In hotels, restaurants, travel agencies, places of historical interest and many shops and services it is possible to make oneself understood in English.

Vocabulary

Even though you do not speak Greek, everyone is pleased when they hear a foreigner trying to communicate in the language of the country they are visiting.

In English Greek
Yes Ne (ναι)
No Ohi (όχι)
Hello Ya (γειά)
Hi! Ya (γειά)
Good morning Kalimera (καλημέρα)
Good afternoon YKalo mesimeri (καλό μεσημέρι)
Good evening Kalispera (καλησπέρα)
Good night Kalinihta (καληνύχτα)
Nice to meet you! Hero poli (χαίρω πολύ)
You are welcome Parakalo (παρακαλώ)
Please Parakalo (παρακαλώ)
Excuse-me Me sighorite (με συγχωρείτε)
Thank you Efharisto (ευχαριστώ)
Thank-you very much Efharisto polu (ευχαριστώ πολύ)
Bye / Good-bye Ya / antio (γειά / αντίο)
See you soon! Ta leme sintoma (τα λέμε σύντομα)
See you tomorrow! Ta leme avrio (τα λέμε αύριο)
I'm hungry Pino (πεινώ)
I'm thirsty Dipso (διψώ)
A glass of wine Ena potiri krasi (ένα ποτήρι κρασί)
One beer Mia mpira (μία μπύρα)
A coffee Ena kafe (ένα καφέ)
A glass of water Ena potiri nero (ένα ποτήρι νερό)
Cheers! Ya mas (γειά μας)
Help! Voithia (βοήθεια)
I' m sorry Apologoume (απολογούμαι)
Entrance Isodos (είσοδος)
Exit Eksodos (έξοδος)
Open Anikto (ανοικτό)
Closed Klisto (κλειστό)
Shop Magazi (μαγαζί)
Garden Kipos (κήπος)
Mediterranean Sea Mesogios (Μεσόγειος)
  • Where is...? Pu ine…? (που είναι...)
  • How much is this? Poso kostizi afto (πόσο κοστίζει αυτό)
  • I'm lost, can you help me? Eho hathi, mporite na me voithisete? (έχω χαθεί, μπορείτε να με βοηθείσετε)
  • Excuse-me, could you tell me how to go to the police / the airport / the city center? Me sighorite, mporite na mu pite pos na pao / stin astinomia / sto aerodromio / sto kentro tis polis? (Με συγχωρείτε, μπορείτε να μου πείτε πως να πάω / στην αστυνομία / στο αεροδρόμιο / στο κέντρο της πόλης)
  • At what time is the bus to Paphos, please? Ti ora fevgi to leoforio ya Pafo? (τι ώρα φεύγει το λεωφορείο για Πάφο)
  • Where can I buy the bus tickets? Pu mporo na agoraso isitirio ya leoforio? (πού μπορώ να αγοράσω εισητήριο για το λεωφορείο)
  • Excuse-me, where are the toilets? Me sighorite, pu ine I tualetes? (με συγχωρείτε, που είναι οι τουαλέτες)